Published in The American Journal of Family Therapy, the study surveyed more than 1, parents in Rhode Island with school-age children.
The researchers found that first and second graders received 28 and 29 minutes of homework per night. Kindergarteners received 25 minutes of homework per night, on average. Some parents, in fact, have decided to opt out of the whole thing. The Washington Post reported in that some parents have just instructed their younger children not to do their homework assignments. They report the no-homework policy has taken the stress out of their afternoons and evenings.
In , research conducted at Stanford University found that students in high-achieving communities who spend too much time on homework experience more stress, physical health problems, a lack of balance in their lives, and alienation from society. That study, published in The Journal of Experimental Education , suggested that any more than two hours of homework per night is counterproductive. However, students who participated in the study reported doing slightly more than three hours of homework each night, on average.
To conduct the study, researchers surveyed more than 4, students at 10 high-performing high schools in upper middle-class California communities.
They also interviewed students about their views on homework. Less than 1 percent of the students said homework was not a stressor. The researchers asked students whether they experienced physical symptoms of stress, such as headaches, exhaustion, sleep deprivation, weight loss, and stomach problems.
More than 80 percent of students reported having at least one stress-related symptom in the past month, and 44 percent said they had experienced three or more symptoms. The researchers also found that spending too much time on homework meant that students were not meeting their developmental needs or cultivating other critical life skills.
Students were more likely to forgo activities, stop seeing friends or family, and not participate in hobbies. Many students felt forced or obligated to choose homework over developing other talents or skills. Should schools screen children for mental health problems? A smaller New York University study published last year noted similar findings. That study, which appeared in Frontiers in Psychology, noted serious health effects for high schoolers, such as chronic stress, emotional exhaustion, and alcohol and drug use.
The research involved a series of interviews with students, teachers, and administrators, as well as a survey of a total of juniors from two private high schools. About half of the students said they received at least three hours of homework per night. They also faced pressure to take college-level classes and excel in activities outside of school.
Many students felt they were being asked to work as hard as adults, and noted that their workload seemed inappropriate for their development level. They reported having little time for relaxing or creative activities. More than two-thirds of students said they used alcohol and drugs, primarily marijuana, to cope with stress.
The researchers expressed concern that students at high-pressure high schools can get burned out before they even get to college. In the Stanford study, many students said that they often did homework they saw as "pointless" or "mindless.
In support of the view of homework as helpful, many educators stress that specifically aligning homework to the learning task is part of the strategy for building understanding. Many students need time and experience to develop the study habits that support learning, and homework can provide that as well as the ability to cope with mistakes and difficulty Bempechat, Those teachers who take the time to add instructive comments to their feedback to homework get the greatest return on their efforts in after-school work.
When considering the view that homework is harmful, author and speaker Alfie Kohn states that there is no real evidence showing homework to be beneficial to elementary students. In an EdWeek article , he writes that he found no correlation between homework and improved standardized assessment scores. Regarding secondary students, Kohn said that there is a slight correlation between homework and improved test scores and grades but there is no evidence that the improvement is because of homework rather than other activities.
Stating that there is no proof that homework benefits students in other ways such as good study habits, independence or self discipline, Kohn could find no disadvantage to reducing or even eliminating homework altogether but finds the homework trend continues to grow. A balanced perspective most likely is the best response. Retrieved September 7, , from http: Does Homework Improve Academic Achievement? The Truth About Homework: Students who Struggle in the Mainstream: We welcome your comments.
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Sep 13, by Cory Armes, M. But somehow their homework still bled over into my life… So, how important is this icon of education? So, what is the answer — is homework helpful or harmful? Do we continue current practices or throw homework out altogether? Remember the main purposes of homework: Assign homework that includes very few concepts so students can learn them on a deeper level Healy, Match homework to the learning goal for a more focused learning experience. Provide appropriate and timely feedback.
Students need to know what was correct, what needs to be changed, etc. Waiting several days or even weeks to provide feedback limits or even eliminates the effectiveness of the assignment. Parental involvement should be limited to facilitating the completion of homework — not teaching content or doing the work for a child.
Parents who get too involved in an assignment inhibit rather than enhance learning. I think that homework can helpful because it will help a child learn responsibilities and it can be bad for health at times. Homework is good because it can review and reflect the things learnt in class.
Instead if they are doing homework and is still continuing to do it wrong they will keep doing it wrong and keep on that same path. If the student needs help they need to go the teacher.
What you are saying is myth homework actually gives you liwer test scores grades health etc.. I am living proof my story is a bit sad but it gives you a big reason to take homework away before it causes more damage. I think it is helpful because kids might learn more.
When considering the view that homework is harmful, author and speaker Alfie Kohn states that there is no real evidence showing homework to be beneficial to elementary students. In an EdWeek article, he writes that he found no correlation between homework and improved standardized assessment scores.
Helpful and harmful. Helpful as it gives you more practice to reinforce things such as maths. Harmful because so many hours have been spent at school concentrating on work and teachers, it can seem like extra after school is just overkill.
When homework is harmful. Alfie Kohn, author of The Homework Myth, is an outspoken critic of at-home assignments. “Homework is frequently the source of frustration, exhaustion, family conflicts, a lack of time for kids to pursue other interests and, perhaps most disturbingly, less excitement about learning,” he . But when there’s too much homework, they are prevented from doing their extra-curricular activities. Life for high school students is now revolving around school with no relief. Also, many students stay up all hours of the night trying to finish their homework, only to fall asleep and not pay attention during the actual school day.
Is Homework Harmful or Helpful Debate: Who Would Win? After weighing all pros & cons, it is possible to answer the question, “Is homework harmful or helpful debate?” In any debate, the most popular solution is to achieve a balance, and this one is not an exception. We gave a hint above. Homework is a good opportunity to connect parents, classmates, and siblings with your education. The better your support network, the more likely you are to succeed in class. Homework, however tedious it may be, teaches responsibility and accountability. For some classes, homework is an essential part of learning the subject matter.